Sharaf al-Shams is a talisman that means the nobility of the sun. It is named so because it is written at a specific time of the year when the sun is aligned with Aries (Burj al-haml). This day falls on the 19th of Farvardin, which is the first month of the Iranian Solar Hijri calendar, or the 8th of April in the common calendar. The talisman can only be written between 11 am and 11 pm on this specific day.
Legend has it that during this time, the alignment between the Earth, Sun, and Moon is at its best. The talisman is attributed to Imam Ali (a.s.) and is in the form of special symbols and numbers written on yellow paper or deer skin, with yellow ink, or engraved on the back of a yellow agate (Aqeeq) stone. It is also known as Talsam Sulaymani in reference to Prophet Sulayman (a.s.).
It is believed that the special hirz of Sharaf al-Shams contains al-Ism al-A’dham, the concealed Greatest Name of Allah ta’ala, as well as five of the Greatest Names of Allah ta’ala. There are different ways of writing the hirz, but in general, it contains numerological values that represent the Names of Almighty Allah. However, since it involves the secrets of the universe and the realm of al-Ghayb, there is not much more that can be said about it.